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An order is a written or an oral communication directing actions. Orders are based on plans or the receipt of a new mission.
There are two general categories of orders—administrative and combat. Administrative orders cover normal administrative
operations in garrison or in the field. They include general, specific, and memorandum orders; courts-martial orders; and
bulletins, circulars, and other memoranda. (For details, see AR 25-30 and AR 600-8-105.) Combat orders pertain to strategic,
operational, or tactical operations and their service support. Combat orders include operation orders, service support orders,
movement orders, warning orders, and fragmentary orders.
Operation orders (OPORDs)
are directives a commander issues to subordinate commanders to coordinate the execution of an operation. They always specify an
execution time and date.
The service support order (SSORD) provides the plan for service support of operations, including administrative
movements. It provides information to supported elements and serves as a basis for the orders of supporting commanders to their units.
SSORDs may be issued either with an OPORD, or separately when the commander expects the CSS situation to apply to more than
one operation plan or order. At division and corps levels of command, the SSORD may replace an OPORD's service support annex.
If that happens, the staff refers to the existence of the SSORD in paragraph 4 of the OPORD. Staffs at brigade and lower levels of command
may cover all necessary information in paragraph 4 of the OPORD without annexes or a separate SSORD. The SSORD follows the same
format as the OPORD. It is usually in writing and may include overlays, traces, and other annexes. The G4 (S4) has primary coordinating
responsibility for preparing, publishing, and distributing the SSORD. Other staff officers, both coordinating and special, provide those parts
of the order concerning their responsibilities. Their input may be a single sentence or a complete annex.
The movement order is a stand-alone order that facilitates an uncommitted unit's movement. The movements are typically administrative, and troops and vehicles are
arranged to expedite their movement and to conserve time and energy when no enemy interference (except by air) is anticipated. Normally, these
movements occur in the communications zone. The G4 (S4) has primary coordinating staff responsibility for planning and coordinating movements.
However, he receives assistance from other coordinating and special staff officers (such as the G3 (S3), PM, MP, transportation officers,
and movement-control personnel). The G4 (S4) is also responsible for preparing, publishing, and distributing the movement order. However,
when conducting ground movement in rear areas of the combat zone where enemy interference is expected, the movement order may become a highway
regulation annex (in NATO, this is referred to as the movement annex) to an OPORD or SSORD. The G3 (S3) plans and coordinates these tactical movements
The warning order (WARNO) is a preliminary notice of an order or action that is to follow. Warning orders help subordinate units and their staffs
prepare for new missions. Warning orders maximize subordinates' planning time, provide essential details of the impending operation, and detail major time-line
events that accompany mission execution. The amount of detail a warning order includes depends on the information and time available when the order is issued and
the information subordinate commanders need for proper planning and preparation. The words WARNING ORDER precede the message text. With
the commander's (or Cof S's (XO's)) approval, a coordinating or special staff officer may issue a warning order. The warning order clearly informs the recipient of
what tasks he must do now as well as informs him of possible future tasks. However, a WARNO does not authorize execution other than planning unless specifically
stated. The WARNO follows the five-paragraph field order format and may include the following information:
• Required maps (if changed from the current OPORD).
• The enemy situation and significant intelligence events.
• The higher headquarters' mission.
• Mission or tasks of the issuing headquarters.
• The commander's intent statement (when available).
• Orders for preliminary action, including reconnaissance and surveillance.
• Coordinating instructions (estimated time lines, orders group meeting, time to issue order).
• Service support instructions, any special equipment necessary, regrouping of transport, or preliminary movement of units.
Every warning order involving movement should state a time before which there is no movement. This means that a further order must be issued before that
time giving actual movement time tables, or extending the period before which there will be no movement.
The fragmentary order (FRAGO) provides timely changes of existing orders to subordinate and supporting commanders while providing notification to higher and
adjacent commands. Commanders may authorize members of their staff to change existing orders by issuing FRAGOs in their name. AFRAGO is either oral or written
and addresses only those parts of the original OPORD that have changed. The sequence of the OPORD is used and all five-paragraph headings must
be used. After each heading, state either “No Change” or the new information. This ensures that recipients know they have received the entire FRAGO (especially
if the FRAGO is sent over the radio). The FRAGO differs froman OPORDonly in the degree of detail provided. It refers to previous orders and provides brief and specific
instructions. The higher headquarters issues a new OPORD when there is a complete change of the tactical situation or when many changes make the current order
You can download the following examples: after 20 July 2010
OPLAN or OPORD outline format
Annotated OPLAN or OPORD format
Annotated service support plan (order) format
Movement order format
Warning order (WARNO) format
Fragmentary order (FRAGO) format
Overlay order format
Sequence of annexes and appendixes to OPLANs or OPORDs
Annex and appendix format (general)
A (Task Organization) instructions and format
B (Intelligence) instructions and format
C (Operation Overlay) instructions and format
D (Fire Support) instructions and format
E (Rules of Engagement) instructions and format
F (Engineer) instructions and format
G (Air Defense) instructions and format
H (Signal) instructions and format
I (Service Support) instructions and format
J (Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Operations) instructions and format
K (Provost Marshal) instructions and format
L (Reconnaissance and Surveillance) instructions and format
M (Deep Operations) instructions and format
N (Rear Operations) instructions and format
O (Airspace Command and Control) instructions and format
P (Command and Control Warfare) instructions and format
Q (Operations Security (OPSEC)) instructions and format
R (Psychological Operations (PSYOP)) instructions and format
S (Deception) instructions and format
T (Electronic Warfare) instructions and format
U (Civil-Military Operations) instructions and format
V (Public Affairs) instructions and format