The Five Paragraph Operations Order (OPORD)

An OPORD gives the subordinate leaders the essential information needed to carry out an operation. OPORDs use a
five-paragraph format to organize thoughts and ensure completeness. They also help subordinate leaders understand and
follow the order. Use a terrain model or sketch along with a map to explain the order.

You can download the following examples: after 20 July 2010
OPLAN or OPORD outline format
Annotated service support plan (order) format
Movement order format  
Warning order (WARNO) format
Fragmentary order (FRAGO) format
Overlay order format  
Sequence of annexes and appendixes to OPLANs or OPORDs
Annex and appendix format (general)
  A (Task Organization) instructions and format
  B (Intelligence) instructions and format
  C (Operation Overlay) instructions and format
  D (Fire Support) instructions and format  
  E (Rules of Engagement) instructions and format
  F (Engineer) instructions and format
  G (Air Defense) instructions and format
  H (Signal) instructions and format
  I (Service Support) instructions and format
  J (Nuclear, Biological and Chemical (NBC) Operations) instructions and format
  K (Provost Marshal) instructions and format
  L (Reconnaissance and Surveillance) instructions and format
  M (Deep Operations) instructions and format
  N (Rear Operations) instructions and format
  O (Airspace Command and Control) instructions and format
  P (Command and Control Warfare) instructions and format
  Q (Operations Security (OPSEC)) instructions and format
  R (Psychological Operations (PSYOP)) instructions and format
  S (Deception) instructions and format
  T (Electronic Warfare) instructions and format
  U (Civil-Military Operations) instructions and format
  V (Public Affairs) instructions and format

FM 101-5
Operations Order OPORD
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Operations Order OPORD
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(The company or battalion task organization for the mission is stated at the start of the OPORD so that the subordinates know what assets they will have during the

a. Enemy Situation.
(1) Composition, disposition, and strength.
(2) Recent activities.
(3) Capabilities.
(4) The enemy's most probable COA. A sketch or enemy overlay is normally included to clarify this description.

b. Friendly Situation.
(1) Mission and concept for the battalion.
(2) Mission for the unit on the left.
(3) Mission for the unit on the right.
(4) Mission for the unit to the front.
(5) Mission for the unit to the rear or following.
(6) Mission for the battalion reserve.
(7) Mission for any units supporting the battalion if they impact on the mission.

c. Attachments and Detachments. Changes to the task organization during the operation. For example, if the task organization changes during the consolidation phase of an
attack, it would be indicated here.

The mission essential task(s) and purpose(s). It normally includes Who, What, When, Where, and Why. The where is described in terms of terrain features/grid coordinates.
If objective names are used, they are secondary references and placed in parentheses.

a. Concept of the Operation. This paragraph describes how the leader intends to accomplish his mission. At company level, a maneuver and fires subparagraph will always
be included. The operation overlay/concept sketch is referenced here.
(1) Maneuver. The maneuver paragraph should be focused on the decisive action. At company level, a maneuver paragraph that outlines the missions to each platoon and or
section and identifies the main effort normally, requires no additional clarification. If it should, the leader may clarify it in the concept of the operation paragraph.

(2) Fires. This paragraph describes how the leader intends for the fires to support the maneuver. It normally states the purpose to be achieved by the fires, the Leader Book
C-21 priority of fires, and the allocation of any priority targets. A target list, fires execution matrix, or target overlay may be referenced here.

(3) Engineering. Often, especially in defensive operations, this paragraph is required to clarify the concept for preparing fortifications. When engineers support the mortar
platoon or section, the leader states his guidance for employing these assets here. He may do this by stating his priority for the engineer effort (survivability, countermobility,
and mobility) and the priority for supporting the sections.
b. Tasks to Sections or Squads. This paragraph lists each of the section's tasks/limitations. Each subordinate unit will have a separate paragraph.
c. Coordinating Instructions. These are the tasks and limitations that apply to two or more subordinate units. If they do not apply to all the subordinate units, then those units
that must comply are clearly stated.

This paragraph provides the critical logistical information required to sustain the unit during the operation.
a. General. It provides current and future trains locations.
b. Material and Services. It may have a separate subparagraph for each class of supply, as required.
c. Casualty Evacuation.
d. Miscellaneous.

a. Command. This paragraph states where the C2 facilities and key personnel will be located during the operation and adjustments to the unit SOP, such as a change to the
succession of command or the standard wire plan.
b. Signal. It provides critical communication requirements such as radio listening silence in effect forward of the LD, signals for specific events or actions, emergency/visual
signals for critical actions, and SOI information.

ACKNOWLEDGE. Use the message reference number.

A-Intelligence/Intelligence Overlay(s).
B-Operation Overlay/Concept Sketches.
C-As required, such as road march, truck/boat movement, air assault, and river